Northampton Borough Council
Northampton Borough Council

What are Article 4 directions?

Properties in England and Wales are allowed minor changes without the need for planning permission from the local planning authority - known as 'permitted development rights'. Sometimes the council will remove these rights to protect the character of an area. This might be, for example, to prevent an over-concentration of houses in multiple occupation or the loss of original features in a conservation area.

The application of an Article 4 Direction removes these 'permitted development' rights and is a way in which councils can control building works and changes of use which would ordinarily be 'permitted development'.

It is important to read the legal information accompanying each individual Article 4 direction as each is different.

Article 4 Directions related to Houses in Multiple Occupation

Non-Immediate Article 4 Direction in Far Cotton and Delapre

The council has made a Non-Immediate Article 4 Direction for parts of Far Cotton/ Delapre. If confirmed, those who own properties in the affected area will need to apply for planning permission if they wish to convert their properties from dwellinghouses (Class C3) to houses in multiple occupation (Class C4). Properties which have already been converted will not need to apply.

The Direction was made on 29 June 2017.  Consultation on this Direction has reopened and will close on 27 October 2017.

The Notice of Making, the sealed Direction and a map of the Non-Immediate Direction area can be downloaded through the links below. Alternatively, a copy of each can be found in the Planning area of the council’s One Stop Shop at the Guildhall.

Non-Immediate Article 4 Direction in Cliftonville

The council has made a Non-Immediate Article 4 Direction for Cliftonville. If confirmed, those who own properties in the affected area will need to apply for planning permission if they wish to convert their properties from dwellinghouses (Class C3) to houses in multiple occupation (Class C4). Properties which have already been converted will not need to apply.

The Direction was made on 29 June 2017.  Consultation on this Direction has reopened and will close on 27 October 2017.

The Notice of Making, the sealed Direction and a map of the Non-Immediate Direction area can be downloaded through the links below. Alternatively, a copy of each can be found in the Planning area of the council’s One Stop Shop at the Guildhall.

Immediate Article 4 Direction in parts of Far Cotton and Delapre

The council has issued an immediate Article 4 Direction for parts of Far Cotton and Delapre. This means that those who own properties in the affected area need to apply for planning permission if they wish to convert their properties from dwellinghouses (Class C3) to houses in multiple occupation (Class C4). Properties which have already been converted will not need to apply.

The Council confirmed the Direction on 7 July 2017.

Sunnyside and adjacent areas

In March 2011 an Immediate Article 4(1) Direction was imposed on an area contained within the wards of Sunnyside, St David's and Obelisk. This means that planning permission is now required by anyone wishing to change the use of a single dwelling into a "House in Multiple Occupation" (HMO, Use Class C4). Planning permission is required by anyone wishing to to change the use of a single dwelling into a "House in Multiple Occupation" (Use Class C4).

Northampton North and Central

On 14th March 2012, a Non-immediate Article 4(1) Direction was imposed on an area contained within the wards of Castle, Abington, Trinity, Phippsville, Semilong, Kingsley, Kingsthorpe, St David's, Sunnyside, Spring Park, Obelisk and Delapre and Briar Hill. This direction is to remove the permitted development rights in the defined area to change the use of a single dwelling into a "House in Multiple Occupation" (HIMO, Use Class C4). Planning permission is required by anyone wishing to to change the use of a single dwelling into a "House in Multiple Occupation" (Use Class C4).

Article 4(2) Directions

These apply to selected Conservation Areas.

They enable the local planning authority to better protect the important historic features and details of houses within the Conservation Area.

Article 4(2) directions only apply to single household dwellings, since, under the General Permitted Development Order 1995, other buildings (multiple households in one property, commercial or any other non-residential use) do not benefit from the permitted development rights single households enjoy.

A list detailing the types of alteration needing planning permission has to be provided as part of the Direction.

Article 4 (2) Directions currently in place in Conservation Areas in the borough